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India, Russia, Bangladesh Sign Pact for Rooppur Atomic Plant

Published on March 06, 2018
Indian, Russia and Bangladesh have signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation on implementing the Rooppur nuclear power plant. Russian State Atomic Energy Corporation (Rosatom), science and technology ministry of Bangladesh and the Department of Atomic Energy of India signed the deal in Moscow

The Rooppur project is the first initiative under an Indo-Russian deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries and India's first atomic energy venture abroad.
India, Russia, Bangladesh Sign Pact for Rooppur Atomic Plant


  • This is the very first instance for India being involved in the construction of the Rooppur power plant in Bangladesh for which the first agreement was signed between Bangladesh and Russia in November 2011.
  • According to the signed agreement, Indian companies will be able to participate in the  construction and installation works in the “non-critical” category for the Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh. As India is not a part of Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) therefore the nation cannot directly participate in building of atomic power reactors.  India is also not a signatory to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty which New Delhi considers as “discriminatory”.
  • A framework has been signed for the interaction between the Russian contractor and experts from India and Bangladesh in the implementation of works related to the project
  • The parties will cooperate in the field of personnel training, exchange of experience and consulting support. 

About the project

Russia is constructing two nuclear reactors with a capacity of 1,200 MW each in Rooppur, which will be Bangaladesh's first nuclear power project.  The Russian side is building a nuclear power plant in Bangladesh on a "turnkey" basis, which means the contractor will complete the whole project and they will be liable for any problems that arise in the plant. The scope of work includes design, production and supply of equipment, construction, installation, start-up and commissioning.

Strategic Vision for Strengthening Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy between the  India and Russian 

  • In December 2014, India and Russia signed 'Strategic Vision for Strengthening Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy' to explore opportunities for sourcing materials, equipment and services from Indian industry for the construction of the Russian- designed nuclear power plants in third countries"
  • In April 2017, India signed a civil nuclear cooperation deal, along with two more agreements, with Bangladesh under which the two sides can supply and manufacture equipment, material for the atomic power plant

Expected Questions

Which of the following countries is not a part of the agreement signed to build a an atomic energy plant at Rooppur?
a. India
b. Russia
c. Nepal
d. Bangladesh

Where will India's first atomic energy venture abroad be built?
a. Bangladesh
b. Russia
c. Sri Lanka
d. Nepal

Name India's first atomic energy venture located abroad.
a. Hussainpur Atomic Plant
b. Rooppur Atomic Plant
c.  Rangpur Atomic Plant
d. Bogra Atomic Plant
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