World Tsunami Awareness Day: November 5

Published on November 08, 2018
The World Tsunami Awareness Day is observed every year across the world on 5 November to spread awareness among people across the world about Tsunami.
World Tsunami Awareness Day: November 5
  • This year, it was the third edition of World Tsunami Awareness Day after it was instituted in 2015.
  • 2018 World Tsunami Awareness Day is aligned with International Day for Disaster Reduction (observed on 13 October) and "Sendai Seven Campaign".
  • It focused on Target "c" of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction which aims at reducing direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP.

Aim of the Day:

  • To spread awareness among people across the world in matters related to the dangers of Tsunami.
  • To stress on importance of early warning systems in order to mitigate damage from the devastating natural calamity.

One must know:

  • The World Tsunami Awareness Day was designated by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting a resolution in December 2015.
  • The proposal was first mooted by Japan after the 3rd UN Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai (Japan) in March 2015.
  • This day coincides with the annual anniversary of the 1854 Inamura-no-hi (Fire of Inamura) event.
  • On this day in 1854, a villager in Wakayama Prefecture in Japan through his quick action had saved countless lives after he had set fire to sheaves of rice on the top of a hill, thus warning people of the imminent danger of a Tsunami.
  • This was the first documented instance of a Tsunami early warning.

About Tsunami:

  • Tsunamis are large waves that approach crashing on coasts due to seafloor movement, majorly associated with landslides or earthquakes.
  • The word "Tsunami" gets its name from the Japanese words- "Tsu" means harbor and "Nami" means wave.
  • Tsunami is a chain of huge waves created by disturbance underwater.
  • These waves are normally associated with earthquakes taking place under or around the ocean.
  • Other causes of Tsunami may be submarine landslides, coastal rock falls, volcanic eruptions or extraterrestrial collision.
  • Like many other natural disasters, it is difficult to predict Tsunamis but it can be suggested that seismically active areas are more at risk.
  • Tsunami waves are highly dangerous and generally look like strong walls of water.
  • The strong waves can attack seashore for hours, thereby destructing thousands of lives.

Question:

Q. What is observed every year across the world on 5 November?
a. The World Earthquake Awareness Day
b. The World Volcano Awareness Day
c. The World Tsunami Awareness Day
d. None of the above

About me

ramandeep singh

My name is Ramandeep Singh. I authored the Quantitative Aptitude Made Easy book. I have been providing online courses and free study material for RBI Grade B, NABARD Grade A, SEBI Grade A and Specialist Officer exams since 2013.

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