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World Soil Day observed on December 5

Published on December 07, 2018
World Soil Day is celebrated every year on 5th of December by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations.
World Soil Day observed on December 5
  • Observance of this day aims to communicate messages on importance of soil quality for food security, healthy ecosystems and human well-being.
  • It also advocates for sustainable management of soil resources.
  • The Theme for year 2018 is 'Be the Solution to Soil Pollution'. 
  • It aims to raise awareness and call people to stop soil pollution.

What is the importance of soil?

  • Soil is the upper layer of Earth. 
  • It is a mixture of organic and inorganic matter, in which plants grow. 
  • It is a finite natural resource.
  • On a human time-scale it is non-renewable.
  • According to FAO, soil holds three times as much carbon as atmosphere and can help to meet challenges of a changing climate.
  • 95% of our food comes from soil and 33% of global soils are already degraded.

Interesting to know:

  • International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) had adopted the resolution proposing 5th of December as World Soil Day in 2002 to celebrate the importance of soil as a critical component of natural system and as a vital contributor to human wellbeing.
  • Later in June 2013 FAO Conference unanimously endorsed World Soil Day and requested official adoption at 68th UN General Assembly.
  • In December 2013, 68th UNGA declared 5th of December as the World Soil Day.


Q. What is celebrated every year on 5th of December by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations?
a. World Food Day
b. World Soil Day
c. World Agriculture Day
d. None of the above
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