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5 Countries elected as non-permanent members of UNSC

Published on February 05, 2019
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected South Africa, Indonesia, Dominican Republic, Germany and Belgium as non-permanent members of UN Security Council (UNSC).
5 Countries elected as non-permanent members of UNSC
  • They will have two-year term beginning January 1, 2019.

Pattern followed for electing these members:

  • Two seats for Group of African states and Group of Asia-Pacific states.
  • One for the Group of Latin American and Caribbean states.
  • Two seats for Western European and other states.

About the UN Security Council (UNSC):

  • UNSC is most powerful and one of the six principal organs of United Nations.
  • Under UN Charter it has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • It has 15 members, including five permanent ones with the power of veto.
  • The five permanent members are China, France, Russia, UK and US.
  • 10 non-permanent members are elected for two-year terms each.
  • Its powers include establishment of peacekeeping operations, establishment of international sanctions, and authorization of military action through UNSC resolutions. 
  • It is the only UN body with authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

Functions of the UNSC:

  • UNSC is responsible for determining existence of threat against peace and to respond to an act of aggression.
  • It is also responsible for finding peaceful means to settle conflict or dispute between states.
  • In some cases, it resorts to sanctions or even authorise use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.
  • It also recommends to UNGA appointment of UN Secretary General and admission of new members to the UN.

Question:

Q. United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected South Africa, Indonesia, Dominican Republic, Germany and Belgium as non-permanent members of which council?
a. UN Trade Council (UNTC)
b. UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC)
c. UN Food Council (UNFC)
d. UN Security Council (UNSC)
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