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'Chandrayaan-2' Lunar Mission to be Launched in July 2019

Published on May 03, 2019
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced that India's second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is scheduled to be launched between July 9th and 16th 2019.
'Chandrayaan-2' Lunar Mission to be Launched in July 2019
  • The Chandrayaan-2's lander will touch down near Moon's south pole on 6th September 2019.

About the Chandrayan-2 mission:

  • It is India's second lunar mission.
  • It would be launched using India's most powerful rocket GSLV MK-III from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
  • It has three modules (a detachable self-contained unit of a spacecraft) namely Orbiter, Lander named Vikram and Rover named Pragyan.
  • The Orbiter and Lander modules will be put together as an integrated module and accommodated inside GSLV MK-III, a three stage launch vehicle equipped to lift the heaviest satellites into orbit. The Rover is enclosed inside the Lander.
  • Once spacecraft is launched into earth bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module will reach Moon orbit using Orbiter propulsion module.
  • Then, the Vikram Lander would separate from the Orbiter and will make soft landing at a predetermined site close to lunar South Pole.
  • The wheeled Pragyan Rover will roll out for carrying out scientific experiments on the lunar surface.
  • Instruments are mounted on Lander and Orbiter for carrying out scientific experiments. The data collected by them would be relayed to earth.

Mission Objective:

  • Its payloads will collect scientific information on lunar (Moon) topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice.

Importance of this mission:

  • Chandrayan-2 mission would land on southern pole of the Moon, which is still unexplored by any of the countries.
  • Therefore landing of the spacecraft near lunar south pole would be historically significant as it would give ISRO the opportunity to name that site on the Moon.
  • All the three modules namely Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) & Rover (Pragyan) are developed by India.
  • Unlike Chandrayan-1 (India's first lunar mission) launched using PSLV rocket and which involved only orbiting the Moon, Chandryaan 2 would attempt a soft landing close to lunar south pole.


Q. Which lunar mission of India is scheduled to be launched between July 9th and 16th 2019 as per an announcement made by ISRO? 
a. Gaganyaan-1
b. Chandrayaan-1
c. Gaganyaan-2
d. Chandrayaan-2

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