India's Smallest Orchids Discovered in Assam

Published on May 15, 2019
Lecanorchis Taiwaniana (the parasitic bloom), a type of Orchid was accidentally discovered in Assam by Assam's forest officer named Jatindra Sarma.
India's Smallest Orchids Discovered in Assam
  • He is also the Member Secretary of State Medicinal Plants Board.

Details:

  • The orchid species is already known in Japan, Taiwan and Laos.
  • This is the first time it is discovered in India.
  • Its discovery was published in the Japanese Journal of Botany with the title as "New record for the flora in India".

About the Orchid:

  • Lecanorchis Taiwaniana is a mycoheterotroph, which means it is one of the two known types of parasitic plants which have abandoned photosynthesis and derives nutrients and its energy from fungus.
  • It is a variant of a Japanese orchid.
  • It is India's one of smallest botanically recorded Orchids in terms of size and duration of bloom.

One must know:

  • The discovery of Lecanorchis Taiwaniana adds to the Orchid wealth of North East India (NEI).
  • India has about 1,300 species of orchids out of which 800 are found in NEI, about 300 species are found in the Western Ghats and 200 in North Western Himalayas.

Question:

Q. Lecanorchis Taiwaniana (the parasitic bloom), a type of Orchid was accidentally discovered in which state of India?
a. Nagaland
b. Assam
c. Mizoram
d. Kerela

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