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Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day Celebrated on May 1

Published on May 03, 2019
May 1st is celebrated as Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day.
Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day Celebrated on May 1


  • In 1960, the Bombay Reorganization Act was passed by India's Parliament to divide the multilingual state of Bombay into Gujarat and Maharashtra.
  • The legislation came into effect on May 1st, 1960.
  • The state of Bombay formerly comprised of speakers of different languages such as Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, and Kutchi.

One must know:

  • During the mid-1950s, a movement known as the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti started demanding a separate Marathi-speaking state while MahaGujarat Movement aimed at the formation of a state for Gujarati-speaking people.
  • The movements ended with the creation of the Bombay Reorganization Act.
  • The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 defined boundaries for the states within India on the basis of languages.
  • This was at the forefront of the movement to divide the Bombay State into two states; one composed of areas where people primarily spoke Gujarati and Kutchhi and the other where people primarily spoke Marathi and Konkani.

Interesting to know:

  • The state of Maharashtra and Gujarat were formed as a result of the Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti movement according to the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 enacted by the Parliament of India on 25th April 1960.
  • The act came into effect on 1st May 1960, hence the reason of annual celebration.


Q. When is Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day celebrated?
a. May 1st
b. May 2nd
c. May 3rd
d. May 4th

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