New species of Reddish-Brown Pit Viper in Arunachal Pradesh

Published on May 12, 2019
A team of herpetologists (specialized in study of reptiles and amphibians) have discovered a more advanced new species of Reddish-Brown Pit Viper in Arunachal Pradesh.
New species of Reddish-Brown Pit Viper in Arunachal Pradesh
  • Their discovery was published in Russian Journal of Herpetology.

About the discovered Arunachal Pit Viper:

  • Scientific Name- Trimeresurus Arunachalensis.
  • This discovery of new species makes Arunachal Pradesh the only Indian state to have a Pit Viper named after it.
  • The research team from Pune-based Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, found the snake species while conducting biodiversity surveys in Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary in the West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The viper discovered is never described before therefore this single known specimen of this species makes it currently the rarest Pit Viper in the world.
  • It is a species of Reddish-Brown Pit Viper, a venomous snake which has a unique heat-sensing system.

One must know:

  • With this, India is now home to the fifth Brown Pit Viper.
  • The other four Brown Pit Vipers are Hump-Nosed, Horseshoe, Malabar, and Himalayan who were discovered about 70 years ago.
  • This new discovery makes Arunachal Pit Viper the second serpent to have been discovered in the state after Crying Keelback, a non-venomous snake that was found in Arunachal's Lepa-Rada district in 2018.

Question:

Q. With the discovery of a new species of Reddish-Brown Pit Viper which state has become the only Indian state to have a Pit Viper named after it?
a. Arunachal Pradesh
b. Assam
c. Tamil Nadu
d. Kerela

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