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A Peace Museum built on WWII memories gifted to Manipur

Published on June 26, 2019
Japan gifted Manipur, one of India's northeastern state, a Museum of Peace built on the memories of the Battle of Imphal, one of the fiercest battles of 2nd World War (WWII).
 A Peace Museum built on WWII memories gifted to Manipur


  • The inauguration of Imphal Peace Museum marked the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Imphal.
  • The Imphal Peace Museum was inaugurated at Red Hill which lies about 20 km southwest of Imphal (Manipur's capital).
  • The museum is funded by Nippon Foundation, a private, non-profit grant-making organization based in Japan.
  • Among the highlights of the museum such as diaries and other memorabilia of those who returned to Japan safely, is a framed calligraphy by Shinzo Abe Japan's Prime Minister, which reads heiwa- meaning peace in Japanese.

Why Red Hill?

  • About 70,000 Japanese soldiers, alongside those of Indian National Army (INA) of Subhash Chandra Bose, died in battles with British-led Allied forces in areas around Imphal and Kohima from March-June 1944.
  • In 1994 Japanese War Memorial was also built at Red Hill to mark the 50th anniversary of the battle.

Significance of the Museum:

  • Imphal Peace Museum symbolises the reconciliation between Japan and Britain; and Japan and India.
  • It will serve as a living memory of the tragic war which reinforces the message that history changes and will make the world learn from the past which is required for a lasting peaceful world.

About the Battle of Imphal 1944:

  • Battle of Imphal took place in the region around the city of Imphal (Manipur's capital) from March to July 1944.
  • Japanese armies with an attempt to destroy Allied forces at Imphal invaded India but were driven back into Burma (today's Myanmar) with heavy losses.
  • The Battle of Imphal together with simultaneous Battle of Kohima (also known as Stalingrad of the East) on the road by which encircled Allied forces at Imphal, was the main turning point of 2nd World War's Burma Campaign.
  • The Japanese faced the largest defeat up until that time at Kohima and Imphal with many of Japanese deaths resulting from starvation, disease and exhaustion suffered during their retreat.


Q. Which country has gifted Manipur, a Museum of Peace built on the memories of the Battle of Imphal?
a. Japan
b. Germany
c. Britain
d. France

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