Current Affairs

Tree-Felling banned by Bihar Government

The Bihar Government recently announced a ban on the felling of trees on state-owned properties in different cities of Bihar, citing increasing pollution as well as a fatal heatwave in the state as the reason for the ban.
Tree-Felling banned by Bihar Government

Details:

  • Bihar Government has taken this decision as most cities of Bihar are ranked in list of World's most polluted cities which includes- Patna (7th position), Muzaffarpur (13th position), Gaya (18th position) and Bhagalpur.
  • Also, currently Bihar does not have any Tree Protection Act active, due to which people who privately own a tree in the state are cutting it indiscriminately.

One must know:

  • The current order against banning tree felling was passed under the Forest Conservation Act (FCA),1980.
  • This new scheme is valid only for State Government owned properties and not for people who privately own a tree.

More about this Initiative:

  • With this new initiative, the Bihar Government has put a hold on tree harvesting for at least government held projects.
  • Now for undertaking any development project (like a road or highway tenders) if anybody now wants to remove a tree would have to translocate/shift the project or the trees to some other place.
  • Engineers have also been asked not to cut trees while building/expanding roads.
  • All permissions granted to cut trees for development works have become null and void.
  • Trees on private land, however, can be felled in the absence of a tree-protection Act in Bihar.

Bihar Government's Vision:

  • Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar has repeatedly announced his government's commitment to increase the state's green cover to 17%.
  • As of date, Bihar has been able to increase its green cover from 7% to 15% under the Green Mission.

What is the Forest Conservation Act, 1980?

  • It is an Act of the Parliament of India that was enacted for providing a higher level of protection to forests and to regulate diversion of forest lands for non-forestry purposes.
  • As per the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 Prior permission/approval of the Central Government is essential for De-reservation/Diversion of forest lands for non-forestry purposes.
  • This is given on the condition that the user agency will deposit the required amount to undertake compensatory afforestation for mitigating the negative impact of forest land diversion.
  • The act extends to the whole of India except the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

Question:

Q. Which state's government recently announced a ban on the felling of trees on state-owned properties citing increasing pollution as well as a fatal heatwave in the state as a reason for the ban?
a. Bihar
b. Uttar Pradesh
c. Madhya Pradesh
d. Maharashtra
Tree-Felling banned by Bihar Government Tree-Felling banned by Bihar Government Reviewed by Neha Verma on June 24, 2019 Rating: 5

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