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India’s MMR declined by 8 points in One Year

Published on November 09, 2019
Current context: As per the Sample Registration System Bulletin-2016 released by the Registrar General of India on 7th November 2019, the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India has declined by 8 points in one year.
India’s MMR declined by 8 points in One Year
  • Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare stated the report and said India is on track to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target for reducing MMR by 2025, five years ahead of the timeline of 2030.
  • MMR has declined by 6.2% from 130/ lakh live births in 2014-16 to 122/ lakh live births in 2015-17.
  • 11 states in India have achieved the target of MMR of 100/lakh Live Births by 2020 set under the National Health Policy 2017.
  • These states are: Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, West Bengal, Karnataka, Haryana, Kerala, Gujarat and Uttarakhand.
  • Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have already met the SDG target 3.1 of 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births by 2030.
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live birth.


Q.1 Which Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target calls for reduction of the global MMR to less than 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births by 2030? 
a. SDG 2
b. SDG 3.1
c. SDG 5
d. SDG 4.1
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