Martyrs' Day

Published on January 30, 2020
Current context: Martyrs' Day is observed in India every year on 30th January to honour the sacrifices made by the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
Martyrs' Day 
  • India is observing 72nd death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on 30th January 2020.
  • On this Day in 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in Birla House.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, in Gujarat.
  • Gandhi went to London for further studies, then South Africa on an assignment and returned to India in 1916.
  • The three Service Chiefs, the president, the vice president, the prime minister and the defence minister of India gather on this day at the samadhi at Raj Ghat Memorial.
  • There are five days that are declared as Martyrs’ Day in India namely:
    1. 30th January: The death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
    2. 23rd March: The death anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru who were hanged on 23rd March 1931, in Lahore (Pakistan).
    3. 21st October: is Police Martyrs' Day as on this date in 1959, a Central Reserve Police Force patrol at the Indo-Tibetan border in Ladakh was ambushed by Chinese forces.
    4. 17th November: The death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai (1865–1928), the "Lion of Punjab".
    5. 19th November: The birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmibai, 19 November 1828, queen of Jhansi.

Question: 

Q.1 Which among the following is not declared as Martyrs’ Day in India?
a. 30th January
b. 23rd March
c. 21st October
d. 7th October

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