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Martyrs' Day

Published on January 30, 2020
Current context: Martyrs' Day is observed in India every year on 30th January to honour the sacrifices made by the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
Martyrs' Day 
  • India is observing 72nd death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi on 30th January 2020.
  • On this Day in 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse in Birla House.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869, in Gujarat.
  • Gandhi went to London for further studies, then South Africa on an assignment and returned to India in 1916.
  • The three Service Chiefs, the president, the vice president, the prime minister and the defence minister of India gather on this day at the samadhi at Raj Ghat Memorial.
  • There are five days that are declared as Martyrs’ Day in India namely:
    1. 30th January: The death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
    2. 23rd March: The death anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru who were hanged on 23rd March 1931, in Lahore (Pakistan).
    3. 21st October: is Police Martyrs' Day as on this date in 1959, a Central Reserve Police Force patrol at the Indo-Tibetan border in Ladakh was ambushed by Chinese forces.
    4. 17th November: The death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai (1865–1928), the "Lion of Punjab".
    5. 19th November: The birth anniversary of Rani Lakshmibai, 19 November 1828, queen of Jhansi.


Q.1 Which among the following is not declared as Martyrs’ Day in India?
a. 30th January
b. 23rd March
c. 21st October
d. 7th October
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