WHO Urges countries to Join Against COVID-19 ‘Vaccine Nationalism’

Published on August 25, 2020
Current Context: To provide COVID-19 vaccines worldwide, the World Health Organization (WHO) has urged countries to join its Covid-19 Vaccine Global Access (COVAX) facility by 31st
WHO Urges countries to Join Against COVID-19 ‘Vaccine Nationalism’
August 2020, for ensuring less wealthy countries have access to COVID-19 vaccines.

Key Points:

  • This movement is led by the WHO, along with the GAVI vaccine Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation), and the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).
  • COVAX is part of a program, called the Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator, is designed to pool funds from wealthier countries and non-profits to develop a COVID-19 vaccine and distribute it equitably around the world for ensuring the vaccines, treatments, diagnostic tests and other healthcare resources are broadly available to all over the world.
  • This program also aims to deliver 2 billion doses of effective, approved COVID-19 vaccines by the end of 2021.
  • The ACT Accelerator is financed by a variety of nonprofits and governments, aiming to raise about $31 billion. This facility has attracted interest from 92 poorer countries expecting for voluntary donations and 80 wealthier countries that would finance the scheme.
  • The main purpose behind this step is to prevent “vaccine nationalism” means wealthier countries hoarding vaccines for their citizens, which could hinder efforts to end the pandemic.
  • The World Health Organization's director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus specified that the distribution of vaccines would be rolled out in two phases.
    1. Doses would be allocated proportionally to all participating countries simultaneously, to mitigate the overall global risk.
    2. Also, individual countries’ threat and vulnerability level will then branch out.
  • To analyze the world’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, recently the World Health Organization (WHO) has created an Independent Panel for Pandemic Preparedness and Response (IPPR).
  • Former Prime Minister of New Zealand Helen Elizabeth Clark and former President of Liberia Ellen Johnson Sirleaf will co-chair this panel.
  • Static Part:
    • Founded: 7th April 1948 
    • Director-General– Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus 
    • Headquarter– Geneva, Switzerland

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