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IMD commissioned Flash Flood Guidance Service in South Asia

Published on October 26, 2020
Current Context: India Meteorological Department (IMD) has commissioned FFGS (Flash Flood Guidance Service) in South Asian Countries.
IMD commissioned Flash Flood Guidance Service in South Asia
  • FFGS is commissioned in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka. 
  • The Flash Flood Guidance Service is an advanced and robust system which provides warnings about threats in advance 6 hours and warnings about risks in advance 24 hours.
  • The warnings for flash floods are provided in advance at the watershed level with a resolution of 4kmX4km. 
  • This system was approved at 15th World Meteorological Congress.
  • It is created by following two concepts namely, Flash Flood Guidance and Flash Flood Threat.
  • Flash Flood Guidance refers to an index which indicates how much rainfall is required to overcome channel storage capacities and soil storage capacities which will cause minimum flood condition in a basin.
  • Flash Flood Threat refers to an index that provides an indication of areas where flood occurs and immediate action is needed.
  • Static Part: 
    • HQ of IMD: New Delhi
    • GD of IMD: Dr M Mohapatra

Question:

Q.1 Who among the following commissioned FFGS (Flash Flood Guidance Service) in South Asian Countries?
a. India Meteorological Department
b. International Maritime Organisation
c. Indian Navy
d. World Meteorological Organisation
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