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‘Deep Ocean Mission’

Published on June 18, 2021
Current Context: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by PM Modi has approved ‘Deep Ocean Mission’.
‘Deep Ocean Mission’
  • The mission was proposed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
  • The ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ will allow exploring the deep ocean for resources.
  • It will also lead to developing deep-sea technologies for sustainable use of ocean resources.
  • The mission supports the Blue Economy Initiatives of the Government of India. It will be implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).
  • The mission will be executed for 5 years and the estimated cost for the mission is Rs 4077 crore which will be allocated in a phased manner.
  • The estimated cost for the first phase for the 3 years (2021-2024) would be Rs.2823.4 crore.
  • The 6 major components of Deep Ocean Mission are: (1) Development of Technologies for Deep Sea Mining, and Manned Submersible (2) Development of Ocean Climate Change Advisory Services (3) Technological innovations for exploration and conservation of deep-sea biodiversity (4) Deep Ocean Survey and Exploration (5) Energy and freshwater from the Ocean (6) Advanced Marine Station for Ocean Biology.
  • The technologies which are required to perform deep sea mining are not commercially available and also possess strategic implications. Therefore, efforts will be made to indigenize technologies by collaborating with leading institutes and private industries.
  • The research vessel which will be required to explore the Deep Ocean will be built in an Indian shipyard which will create employment opportunities.
  • Also due to this mission, capacity development will take place in Marine Biology. The startups, MSME and major industries working to develop specialised equipment, ships and allied infrastructure are expected to observe growth in the upcoming years due to this mission.
  • Static Part: 
    • Union Minister for Earth Science: Dr Harsh Vardhan


Q.1 What is the estimated cost for the ‘Deep Ocean Misison’ which was approved by the union cabinet?
a. Rs 4077 crore
b. Rs 3077 crore
c. Rs 5077 crore
d. Rs 6077 crore

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