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23.5 Lakh Premature Death in India Lancet Study

Published on May 19, 2022
Current Context: According to the latest study published in The Lancet Planetary Health Journal, India saw 23.5 L premature death due to pollution.
23.5 Lakh Premature Death in India Lancet Study
  • The main cause of pollution-related deaths is ambient PM 2.5 tiny particles in the air which in turn leads to 9.8 lakh deaths.
  • According to the study burning biomass for household purposes like cooking etc, is the largest cause of pollution deaths which leads to 6.1 lakh death.
  • Based on Indian topography and meteorology, Indo-Gangetic is prone to more pollution from energy, mobility, industry, agriculture, and other activities.
  • According to research, it was found that The main factors behind the largest cause of death in India are burning of biomass, crop burning, and coal combustion.
  • In India the ambient air pollution reaches its height of 95 milligrams per cubic meter in 2014, later it was reduced to 82 per cubic meter by 2017, but again it started rising slowly to its peak.
  • To control it India has also come up with many ranges of instruments like the National Clean Air program which develops the Air quality management Index, development of state pollution control boards, and, many statutory measures have been taken.
  • In fact to control WHO also made the global air quality guidelines very strict it has lowered the guideline value for PM2∙5 from 10 micrograms per cubic meter to 5 micrograms per cubic meter.
  • It not only shows a severe impact on the life of people but also has a major impact on the country's economy especially low and middle income who have to bear the brunt of this burden. As per the report, it was mentioned that economic losses totaled $4∙6 trillion in 2019 globally, which is 6.2% of global economic output.
  • This new report has been designed based on 2019 GBD data and with the help of assessments of trends over the last decade.

Question:

Q.1 According to a Lancet study on pollution the major cause of death is due to?
a. Coal-burning
b. Emnissions
c. Ambient PM 2.5
d. Crop burning
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