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75% of River Monitoring Stations show Heavy Metal Pollution

Published on June 05, 2022
Current Context: According to the report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), the seven states and Union Territories which are under threat are Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.Due to over 40% rise in their water spread areas since 2009.
75% of River Monitoring Stations show Heavy Metal Pollution
  • Besides It also reported that over a third of India's coastline witnessed some degree of erosion between 1990 and 2018. West Bengal is the worst hit with over 60% of its shoreline under erosion.
  • Reported highlighted that the main reason behind coastal erosion was an increase in the frequency of cyclones and rise in the sea level, and anthropogenic activities such as the construction of harbors, beach mining and building of dams, etc.
  • It has also considered the fact about India’s forest cover according to the data, 45 to 64% of India's forest cover is likely to become a climate hotspot by 2030. By 2050, almost the entire forest cover of the country is likely to become a climate hotspot.
  • The report has shown that India recycled 12% and burnt 20% of the 3.5 million tonnes of plastic waste it generated in 2019-20.
  • Apart from that India has recorded alarming levels of heavy toxic metals like lead, iron, nickel, cadmium, arsenic, chromium, and copper in three out of four rivers.

Question:

Q.1 As per the report of the Centre for Science & Environment what percentage of the rise seen in water spread areas since 2009?
a. 50%
b. 60%
c. 40%
d. 30%

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