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Study reveals use of Microplastics in Water Bodies

Published on June 19, 2022
Current Context: A recent study published in the journal, 'American Society for Microbiology' have found that plastic pollution may after all serve as the source of antibiotics in the ocean.
Study reveals use of Microplastics in Water Bodies
  • Scientists and experts who conducted the study have pointed out that at least 5-13 million tonnes of plastic waste is generated every year which finds its way into the ocean.
  • Plastic debris is rich in biomass, and therefore could be a good source for antibiotic production which tends to occur in highly competitive natural environments.
  • According to an OECD report, global usage of plastic is set to increase threefold by the year 2060.
  • This will be a major breakthrough for many researchers to study the variation that occurs in ocean plastic.
  • Apart from that researchers isolated 5 antibiotic-producing bacteria from ocean plastic, including strains of Bacillus, Phaeobacter, and Vibrio, and tested the bacterial isolates against a variety of Gram-positive and negative targets.
  • Earlier scientists for the first time found microplastics in freshly fallen snow in the Antarctic.


Q.1 According to OECD report , the usage of plastic set to increase by three-fold by which of the following year?
a. 2050
b. 2060
c. 2040
d. 2030
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