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India’s first project to conserve Nilgiri Tahr takes shape

Published on December 30, 2022
Current Context: In order to protect the Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius), which is the state animal of Tamil Nadu (TN), the State Government of Tamil Nadu (TN) approved the implementation of India's first Nilgiri Tahr Project with an outlay of Rs 25.14 crore for a period of 5 years, i.e. 2022 to 2027.
India’s first project to conserve Nilgiri Tahr takes shape
  • Through surveys and radio telemetry investigations, the state government hopes to gain a better understanding of the Nilgiri Tahr's current population situation through this research. It will be implemented with an initial allocation of Rs 10 crore.
  • It also intends to address issues facing these ungulates and return them to their former habitats. Additionally, the initiative seeks to raise public awareness of the species.
  • The Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board would be the source of funding for this project. Furthermore, in honour of E.R.C. Davidar, who was instrumental in initiating one of the first studies on the species in 1975, the state government declared October 7 to be "Niligiri Tahr Day."
  • In order to reintroduce the Tahr population, its historic and fragmented habitat will be restored, especially the Shola grasslands in Upper Bhavani. Appropriate rehabilitation facilities will also be provided.
  • It is the only mountain ungulate in Southern India of the 12 species that exist, and it is locally known as Varaiaadu. The largest number of Nilgiri tahr it may be found in Kerala's Anamalai Hills National Park.
  • Due to habitat degradation and hunting, the species' current numbers are in grave danger. It is protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972, and is classed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.


Q.1 India's first project to protect the Nilgiri Tahr will be carried out in which state?
a. Tamil Nadu
b. Himachal Pradesh
c. Kerela
d. Sikkim
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