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India’s Indigenous mobile operating system: BharatOS

Published on January 22, 2023
Current Context: The BharatOS is a mobile phone operating system developed by JandK Operations Private Limited, which is a non-profit organization established by IIT Madras through its Pravartak Technologies initiative.
India’s Indigenous mobile operating system: BharatOS
  • IIT Madras played a key role in the development of the app, and it is supported by the Indian government's Science and Technology department.
  • The main goal of the BharatOS operating system is to provide a high level of security. It is unique because it only allows safe and trusted applications to be installed.
  • BharatOS checks and screens the applications before they can be installed, blocking any that are not deemed safe. It also does not have any default apps, which are apps that come pre-installed on the operating system and cannot be uninstalled. This is beneficial as it helps to reduce memory consumption, data usage, and power consumption.
  • BharatOS is suitable for a 5G network, it provides strict security features, and it is especially useful for users who use cloud services. It also provides more control to users by requiring permission before installing any apps, unlike Android and iOS.
  • Additionally, BharatOS has free access to PASS (Private App Store Service), which has a list of high-quality, secure, and pre-screened apps for malware, hacking issues, password protection, and other security features.
  • The BharatOS operating system was launched by JandK under the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NMICPS).
  • NMICPS operates under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) of the Science and Technology Ministry of India.


Q.1 Who launched BharatOS mobile phone operating system?
a. JandK operations private ltd.
b. RandD operations private ltd.
c. Both of the above
d. Neither of above
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