India’s largest and first coal gasification-based Talcher Fertiliser Project

Published on January 10, 2023
Current Context: The Talcher Fertilizer Project in Odisha, based on India's largest and first coal gasification-based fertilizer project, will be ready to be dedicated to India by October 2024, according to Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare and Chemicals and Fertilizers.
India’s largest and first coal gasification-based Talcher Fertiliser Project
  • Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya examined the construction status at the Talcher Fertilizers Limited (TFL) plant site in Angul, Odisha.
  • The government granted TFL permission to build a new coal gasification facility with an installed capacity of 12.7 lakh Metric tonnes per year (LMTPA) to reopen Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited's (FCIL) defunct Talcher plant.
  • Since the project promotes coal gasification, it will aid in achieving the stated objective of gasifying 100 MT (Metric Tons) of coal by 2030.
  • Of the five fertilizer plants in India, four—Ramagundam, Gorakhpur, Sindri, and Barauni—have already started manufacturing urea; Talcher Plant is anticipated to follow suit by September 2024.
  • The construction of the urea factory, which is expected to cost Rs 17,000 crore, will benefit Indian farmers in addition to generating employment and boosting the regional economy.
  • A coal gasification plant is an industrial facility that converts coal into synthesis gas, also known as syngas. The syngas is composed primarily of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and small amounts of other gases. The syngas can be used as fuel for power generation or as feedstock for producing chemicals and other industrial products.

Question: 

Q.1 Where is India’s largest and first coal gasification-based Fertiliser Project being made?
a. Odisha
b. Karnataka
c. Jharkhand
d. Bihar

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