Rural Health Statistics Report 2021-22

Published on January 15, 2023
Current Context: The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) recently released the Rural Health Statistics Report 2021-22, which provides an overview of rural healthcare infrastructure and human resources in India.
Rural Health Statistics Report 2021-22
  • This report is an annual publication by MoHFW since 1992 and is based on data uploaded by states and union territories on the Health Management Information System (HMIS) portal and verified by respective states.
  • The report serves as a vision document for identifying the gaps in the existing healthcare infrastructure and human resources in rural, urban and tribal areas of the country. It is an important source of information for citizens.
  • Report on Health centers
    • The Rural Health Statistics Report 2021-22 estimates that each Sub Center (SC) caters to an average of 5691 people, each Primary Health Center (PHC) to 36049 people, and each Community Health Center (CHC) to 164027 people.
    • According to norms, each SC should cater to a population of 3,000-5,000, each PHC to a population of 20,000-30,000, and each CHC to a population of 80,000-1,20,000.
  • Health in urban areas
    • The report also highlights a vacancy of 18.8% of doctors, 16.8% of pharmacists, 16.8% of lab technicians, and 19.1% of staff nurses at the Urban Primary Health Centers (U-PHCs). The population covered by a U-PHC may vary from 50,000 to 75,000.
    • Urban Community Health Centre (U-CHCs) is set up as referral facility for every 4-5 U-PHCs and caters to a population of 2,50,000 to 5 lakhs.
  • Allopathy doctors
    • There has been an over 50% rise in the number of allopathy doctors in primary health centers since the launch of the National Rural Health Mission in 2005. The number of allopathic doctors at PHCs has increased from 20,308 in 2005 to 30,640 in 2022.
  • Specialist Doctors
    • The RHS report also emphasizes the severe lack of specialists in the nation, with Community Health Centers reporting a scarcity of over 80% of the needed specialists (CHCs). The research highlights the lack of specialized specialists, namely in the fields of surgery (83.2%), obstetrics and gynecology (74.2%), medicine (79.1%), and pediatrics (81.6%).
  • Report on Rural Health Statistics
    • Since 1992, MoHFW has published an annual report on rural health statistics. This report gives information on the health system's human resources as of every year's March 31. The publication is based on the data that States/UTs have uploaded to the Health Management Information System (HMIS) Portal, and it is only released after the relevant States/UTs have verified it.

Question: 

Q.1 What is the title of the recent report released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW)?
a. The National Health Statistics Report 2021-22
b. The Urban Health Statistics Report 2021-22
c. The Rural Health Statistics Report 2021-22
d. The Health and Wellness Statistics Report 2021-22

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