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PMC and TGBL will collaborate to build India's first solid waste to hydrogen plant.

Published on February 16, 2023
Current context: The Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) has teamed up with TheGreenBillions Limited (TGBL) to build India's first solid waste-to-hydrogen plant in Pune's Hadapsar Industrial Estate in Maharashtra.
PMC and TGBL will collaborate to build India's first solid waste to hydrogen plant.
  • The project, which is expected to cost around Rs 350 crore, aims to demonstrate the feasibility of generating hydrogen from waste, both technically and financially.
  • Under a 30-year agreement, TGBL will construct and operate the plant, while PMC will pay a tipping fee of Rs 347 per tonne to TGBL for waste treatment.
  • The plant is set to treat approximately 350 tonnes of solid waste daily by 2024, producing 10 tonnes of hydrogen in the process.
  • Variety Pune Waste to Energy Pvt Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of TGBL, will carry out the project, with project management consulting provided by Broadcast Engineering Consultants India Limited (BECIL), a Mini Ratna enterprise under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB). Technological support will be provided by the Bhabha Atomic Research Institute and the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.
  • The waste-to-hydrogen plant is expected to be fully operational by November 2024, with the first 10-tonne reactor scheduled for installation by November 2023.
  • The plasma gasification technology will be used to generate hydrogen from the refuse-derived fuel (RDF) produced by the waste.
  • This project is expected to have several benefits, including reducing carbon emissions by up to 2.5 million MT and diverting more than 3.8 million metric tons (MT) of waste from landfills.
  • Furthermore, an estimated 180,000 households will be directly served, and around 25.16 hectares of land per year will be saved by diverting municipal solid waste (MSW) dumped in low-lying urban areas.


 Q.1 What is the purpose of the partnership between Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) and TheGreenBillions Limited(TGBL)?
a. To set up India's first solid waste-to-hydrogen plant in Hadapsar Industrial Estate in Pune, Maharashtra, at an investment of Rs 350 crore.
b. To construct a storage facility and logistics support at an additional cost of Rs 82 crore.
c. To provide project management consulting for converting Pune’s municipal non-recyclable waste into hydrogen.
d. To offer technical support to the plant for generating hydrogen from waste.
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