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Advanced Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) to be Set up in Maharashtra

Published on April 11, 2023
Current Context: The Union Cabinet approved the project to build an Advanced Gravitational-wave Detector (LIGO-Laser Interferometer Gravitational- Wave Observatory) on 174 acres of land in Maharashtra's Hingoli district at an estimated cost of Rs 2,600 crore.
Advanced Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) to be Set up in Maharashtra
  • The Director of the Raman Research Institute Bengaluru said that this LIGO will which was created will help in cutting-edge frontiers of great national relevance, especially quantum-sensing and metrology.
  • LIGO is built by the U.S. Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology.
  • This will be accompanied by an MoU with the National Science Foundation and several national and international research institutes.
  • The Government of India had given in-principal approval to the project in February 2016.
  • LIGO is the world's most powerful observatory that exploits the physical properties of light and space to detect and understand the origin of gravitational waves.
  • This observatory will help in better understanding of celestial objects like neutron stars and black holes and in-depth study of gravitational waves.
  • Each LIGO detector has two arms, each 4 kilometres long, consisting of 2-meter-wide steel vacuum tubes arranged in an "L" shape and anchored by a 10-foot-wide, 12-foot-tall concrete shelter. are covered, which protect the tubes from fire.

Question:

Q.1 In which state was Advanced Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) to be set up?
a. Rajasthan
b. Maharashtra
c. Haryana
d. Uttar Pradesh
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