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Pongal, Uttarayan, Bhogali Bihu and Bhogi were celebrated

Published on January 15, 2024
Current Context: These are all significant harvest festivals celebrated in different parts of India, marking the arrival of spring and the end of winter.
Pongal, Uttarayan, Bhogali Bihu and Bhogi were celebrated
  • Here’s a brief overview of each:
    • Pongal: Celebrated by the Tamilian community, Pongal is a multi-day harvest festival dedicated to the Sun God. It coincides with the festival Makar Sankranti celebrated throughout India.
    • Uttarayan or Makar Sankranti: Celebrated on January 15, it marks the Sun’s entry into Capricorn. It is a major festival in Maharashtra and Gujarat, where kite flying is a significant event.
    • Bhogali Bihu: Also known as Magh Bihu, it is celebrated by the Assamese community. It is a harvest festival that marks the end of the harvesting season in the month of Maagha (January–February).
    • Bhogi: Celebrated in Andhra Pradesh, it is the first day of the four-day Pongal festival.
  • These festivals signify the vibrancy of India’s diverse culture and the joy of harvest. They involve various rituals and celebrations, including feasts, bonfires, and cultural programs. Each festival, while celebrated in unique ways, shares common threads of gratitude, celebration, and the welcoming of a new agricultural season.


Q.1 Which festival is celebrated by the Tamilian community as a harvest festival?
a. Bhogi
b. Uttarayan
c. Pongal
d. Bhogali Bihu

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