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“India Surpasses China as Most Populous Country, Reaching 1.44 Billion - UNFPA Report”

Published on April 18, 2024
Current Context: According to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report, India’s population is projected to reach 1.4286 billion by mid-2023.
India’s Population Expected to Have Touched 1.44 billion Mark leaving China Behind– UNFPA Report
  • This would make India the most populous country in the world, surpassing China’s population of 1.4257 billion.
  • The UNFPA’s population forecast for India is an estimate, as there has been no census in the country since 2011.
  • The 2021 census was cancelled due to Covid and postponed to 2022, and it has now been pushed back again to 2024.
  • It’s important to note that the UN’s estimate does not include the population of China’s two Special Administrative Regions - Hong Kong and Macau, which together have more than 8 million people.
  • Both India and China have seen declines in their fertility rates.
  • In China, the population will start declining next year, despite the country abandoning its one-child policy in 2016.
  • In India, too, fertility rates have fallen substantially in recent decades from 5.7 births per woman in 1950 to 2.2 births per woman today.


Q.1 What is the projected population of India by mid-2023 according to the UNFPA report?
a. 1.4257 billion
b. 1.4286 billion
c. 1.5 billion
d. 1.3 billion
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