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ISRO Released ISSAR 2023 Report on Vulnerability of Space Assets to Collisions

Published on May 02, 2024
Current Context: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has indeed released the Indian Space Situational Assessment Report (ISSAR) for 2023 on 2nd May 2024.
ISRO Released ISSAR 2023 Report on Vulnerability of Space Assets to Collisions
  • This report assesses the vulnerability of space assets to various environmental hazards such as asteroids, comets, and artificial objects, with the aim of ensuring safe and sustainable space operations.
  • Here are some key points from the report:
    • A total of 3,143 objects originating from 212 launches and on-orbit break-up events were added to the space object population in 2023, compared to 2,533 objects from 179 launches in 2022.
    • Since the beginning of the Indian Space era, a total of 127 Indian satellites (including the satellites of private operators/academic institutions) have been launched till 31st December 2023.
    • The number of operational satellites owned by the government of India is 22 in LEO and 29 in GEO.
    • 8 Indian Satellites re-entered the atmosphere in 2023, among them Megha-Tropiques-1 underwent controlled re-entry through an immensely challenging exercise.
    • All 7 launches of ISRO in 2023 were successful.
    • ISRO carried out 23 Collision Avoidance Manoeuvres (CAMs) to save its satellites from harm by space debris.

Question:

Q.1 How many Indian satellites have been launched till 31st December 2023?
a. 100
b. 200
c. 150
d. 127
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