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WHO Declared Coronavirus as PHEIC

Published on January 31, 2020
Current context: The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 30th January 2020.
WHO Declared Coronavirus as PHEIC
  • The decision was taken in the second consecutive meeting of the Emergency Committee.
  • The committee was convened by the WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005).
  • The decision was taken regarding the outbreak of coronavirus in China with exportations to other countries and prevent it from spreading to countries with weaker health systems.
  • The declaration serves the notice to all United Nations member states that the situation is “serious".
  • The respective countries can make their own decisions if they want to close their borders, cancel flights, screen people arriving at airports or take other protective measures.
  • In the past, the WHO declared five diseases as PHEIC:
    1. Pandemic influenza (H1N1) in 2009
    2. Polio resurgence in 2014
    3. Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014
    4. Zika virus outbreak in 2016
    5. Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2019

Question: 

Q.1 Which among the following outbreaks have been declared as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) by the World Health Organisation (WHO) till date?
  1. Coronavirus(2019-nCoV)
  2. Pandemic influenza (H1N1) in 2009
  3. Zika virus outbreak in 2016
  4. Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2019
a. 1, 2 and 4
b. 1, 3 and 4
c. 2, 3 and 4
d. All 1,2,3 and 4
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