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India’s First National Report on Climate Crisis

Published on June 20, 2020
Current Context: India has released its first-ever climate national report on the climate crisis.
India’s First National Report on Climate Crisis
  • The report is titled ‘Assessment of climate change over the Indian region’.
  • The report is prepared by Ministry of Earth Science (MoES) and it is edited by a scientist at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune.
  • As per the report, the average temperature of India has raised by 0.7 degree Celsius in 1901-2018. This has resulted due to the emission of greenhouse gases and it is projected to rise by 2.7 degree Celsius by 2099 in case of if essential care is taken on climate change and in the worst case it will rise to 4.4 degree Celsius.
  • The monsoon in Northern India has reduced by 6% between 1951-2015 because of polluting aerosol ‘brown cloud’.
  • As compared to the April-June heatwaves between 1976-2005, they are to become four times more by 2099.
  • Also, the sea level near Mumbai is rising at a rate of 3 cm per decade and on the Bengal coast, it is 5 cm per decade.
  • Static Part: 
    • Union Ministry Earth Science: Harsh Vardhan


Q.1 Which ministry has prepared India first climate national report on climate crisis? 
a. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
b. Ministry of Development of North Eastern region
c. Ministry Earth Science
d. Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

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