‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’ Report 2020

Published on September 10, 2020
Current Context: United Nations has released a report titled ‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’ for 2020.
‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’ Report 2020

  • The report is drafted by the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimations (UN IGME). 
  • As per the report, India’s child mortality rate has reduced between 1990 and 2019. The child mortality rate in 1990 was 126 and now it has declined to 34 in 2019. 
  • As per the report, the child mortality rate globally under five has dropped from 12.5 million in 1990 to 5.2 million in 2019. 
  • The new mortality rates are released by UNICEF, WHO and Population Division of the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs and World Bank Group.
  • As per the report, 49% of under-five deaths occurred in Nigeria, India, Pakistan, Ethiopia and Congo for 2019. 
  • The sex-specific under-five mortality rate for India was 122 males and 131 females in 1990, which has now declined to 34 males and 35 males in 2019.
  • India has marked a 4.5% annual reduction rate in under-five mortality between 1990 and 2019.
  • Static Part: Under-five mortality rate: It is the number of deaths among children less than 5 age during a specific time interval. 

Question: 

Q.1 As per ‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality’ Report 2020, India has marked ___% annual reduction rate in under-five mortality between 1990 and 2019? 
a. 7.5%
b. 4.5%
c. 3.5%
d. 8.5%

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