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2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report

Published on October 13, 2021
Current Context: The 2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report was released by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI).
2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report
  • The report gives an estimation for multidimensional poverty in 109 developing countries.
  • These 109 developing countries include 26 low-income countries, 80 middle-income countries, and 3 high-income countries. Total estimation for multidimensional poverty was covered for 5.9 billion people.
  • Out of the total, 1.3 billion or 21.7% people are multidimensionally poor. And out of this, 644 million are children under age 18 and 105 million people are age 60 or older.
  • 1 billion poor people are exposed to solid cooking fuels, inadequate sanitation, and substandard housing.
  • 788 million poor people live in households and among this, at least one is an undernourished person.
  • 568 million poor people are not exposed to improved drinking water within a 30-minute of walking distance.
  • 1.1 billion i.e. 84% people live in rural areas and 209 million i.e. 16% people live in urban areas.
  • More than 67% of people live in middle-income countries.
  • In India, five out of six multidimensionally poor people are from lower tribes or castes.

Question: 

Q.1 Which organization released the 2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report?
a. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
b. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
c. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
d. Both (b) and (c)
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