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2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report

Published on October 13, 2021
Current Context: The 2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report was released by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI).
2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report
  • The report gives an estimation for multidimensional poverty in 109 developing countries.
  • These 109 developing countries include 26 low-income countries, 80 middle-income countries, and 3 high-income countries. Total estimation for multidimensional poverty was covered for 5.9 billion people.
  • Out of the total, 1.3 billion or 21.7% people are multidimensionally poor. And out of this, 644 million are children under age 18 and 105 million people are age 60 or older.
  • 1 billion poor people are exposed to solid cooking fuels, inadequate sanitation, and substandard housing.
  • 788 million poor people live in households and among this, at least one is an undernourished person.
  • 568 million poor people are not exposed to improved drinking water within a 30-minute of walking distance.
  • 1.1 billion i.e. 84% people live in rural areas and 209 million i.e. 16% people live in urban areas.
  • More than 67% of people live in middle-income countries.
  • In India, five out of six multidimensionally poor people are from lower tribes or castes.


Q.1 Which organization released the 2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report?
a. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
b. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
c. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
d. Both (b) and (c)
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