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ILO's Report on Modern Slavery

Published on September 14, 2022
Current Context: In a report, “The Global Estimates of Modern Slavery”, released by the International Labor Organization (ILO), it was found that cases of modern slavery are on a rise.
ILO's Report on Modern Slavery
  • The report was published in collaboration with International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and the human rights group Walk Free.
  • According to the report, modern slavery consists of forced labor and forced marriage.
  • It pointed out that by 2021, around 50 million people across the world were living in modern slavery which is up from 40 million in 2016 with an increase of 25%.
  • Out of 50 million people, 28 million were in forced labor and 22 million were trapped in forced marriage.
  • It mentioned that 52% of all forced labor can be found in upper-middle-income or high-income countries, with 86% in the private sector.
  • The report also said that the COVID19 pandemic led to an increased risk of forced marriages in countries like India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Egypt.
  • ILO is a UN agency that was established in 1919 with its headquarters in Geneve, Switzerland. The primary objective of the ILO is to set labor standards, develop policies and devise programs promoting social and economic justice for people all across the globe. The current Director-General of the ILO is Gilbert Houngbo.

Question:

Q.1 The Global Estimates of Modern Slavery Report was released by?
a. Amnesty International
b. UNHCR
c. Human Rights Watch
d. ILO
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