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Kenya's first Earth observation satellite "Taifa-1" launched

Published on April 19, 2023
Current Context: Kenya has launched its first operational Earth observation satellite “Taifa-1” on 15 April 2023 from Vandenberg Base in California on a rocket of Elon Musk's rocket company SpaceX. The launch rocket carried 50 payloads from Turkey, among other countries, under SpaceX's 'rideshare program'.
Kenya's first Earth observation satellite "Taifa-1" launched
  • SayariLabs and EnduroSat collaborated to design and develop Taifa-1, a satellite that took two years and 50 million Kenyan shillings ($372,000) to build.
  • The satellite is expected to remain operational for five years before it enters the atmosphere and burns up after 20 years of decay.
  • Its main purpose is to gather agricultural and environmental data, specifically related to floods, droughts, and wildfires, to aid Kenya in managing disasters and addressing food insecurity.
  • Taifa-1, the first Earth observation satellite in operation in Kenya, is equipped with an optical camera that can capture images simultaneously in multispectral and panchromatic modes.
  • This unique feature allows the satellite to operate both within and beyond the visible light spectrum.
  • With five multispectral bands, Taifa-1 can capture images with a ground sampling distance (GSD) of 32 m, while its panchromatic band has a GSD of 16 m.
  • China achieved a successful launch on April 16, 2023, placing the Fengyun-3 meteorological satellite into orbit by employing a Chang Zheng-4B carrier rocket.
  • The launch took place at the Jiuquan Cosmodrome, located in the north western province of Gansu, as reported on the Chinese social network WeChat.
  • The primary purpose of the Fengyun-3 satellite is to monitor severe weather conditions, particularly heavy rainfall, and to measure atmospheric precipitation.
  • This successful launch marks the 471st mission for the Chang Zheng rocket family.

Question:

Q.1 Which country’s first Earth observation satellite "Taifa-1" was launched ?
a. Italy
b. Kenya
c. Paris 
d. Tibet
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