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Published on April 20, 2023
Current Context: UNFPA’s SOWP 2023 is the State of World Population report released by the United Nations Population Fund on April 19, 2023.
  • The report is titled as SOWP 2023: 8 Billion Lives, Infinite Possibilities and explores how people understand current population trends, and how those views can impact sexual and reproductive health and rights.
  • According to this report, India has become the world’s most populous country with 142.86 crore people as of mid-2023, marginally ahead of China’s 142.57 crore people. 
  • The report also shows that India’s working population (15-64 years) comprises 68 per cent of the total population, while 25 per cent is between 0-14 years, 18 per cent between 10 and 19 years, 26 per cent between 10 and 24 years, and 7 per cent above 65 years. 
  • The report highlights the challenges and opportunities of having a large and young population in terms of sustainable development, sexual and reproductive health and rights, and human capital.


Q.1 According to the report, what is the projected world population by 2023?
a. 7.9 billion
b. 8 billion
c. 8.1 billion
d. 8.2 billion

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