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A Comprehensive Analysis of the National MPI Report by NITI Aayog

Published on January 16, 2024
Current Context: The National Multidimensional Poverty Index by NITI Aayog reported that multidimensional poverty in India declined from 29.17% in 2013-14 to 11.28% in 2022-23.
A Comprehensive Analysis of the National MPI Report by NITI Aayog
  • This indicates a reduction of 17.89 percentage points.
  • During this period, about 24.82 crore people escaped poverty.
  • The states with the most significant reductions were Uttar Pradesh, with 5.94 crore people escaping poverty, followed by Bihar with 3.77 crore, and Madhya Pradesh with 2.30 crore.
  • The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is a comprehensive measure of people’s deprivation and poverty, capturing the outcome of economic growth and development, income and its distribution, and various development initiatives of the State.
  • It is calculated based on 12 parameters including health, education, housing, maternal health, and bank accounts.

Question:

Q.1 How many people in India escaped multidimensional poverty from 2013-14 to 2022-23 according to the NITI Aayog report?
a. 10 crore
b. 15 crore
c. 24.82 crore
d. 30 crore

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