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International Mother Language Day: 21 February

Published on February 21, 2024
Current Context: International Mother Language Day is a worldwide annual observance held on 21 February to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and to promote multilingualism.
International Mother Language Day: 21 February
  • This day was first announced by UNESCO on 17 November 1999 and was formally recognized by the United Nations General Assembly with the adoption of UN resolution 56/262 in 2002.
  • The idea to celebrate International Mother Language Day was the initiative of Bangladesh.
  • The theme for International Mother Language Day 2024 is "Multilingual education is a pillar of intergenerational learning".
  • In Bangladesh, 21 February 1952 is the anniversary of the day when the Bengalis of the then-Pakistani province of East Bengal (which is now the independent state of Bangladesh) fought for recognition of their Bengali language.
  • It is also observed by the Indian Bengalis of the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Tripura and the union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


Q.1 Who first announced the International Mother Language Day?
a. United Nations
c. World Health Organization
d. International Monetary Fund
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