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WTO to Set Up Dispute Panel Against India

Published on July 17, 2019
Current context: Brazil has sought WTO to establish a dispute panel against India’s sugar subsidies to farmers.
 WTO to Set Up Dispute Panel Against India
  • Brazil has alleged that, India has increased its domestic support regime for sugar and sugarcane farmers
  • The domestic support mandates domestic sugar mills to pay the fair and remunerative price to sugarcane farmers
  • Brazil has claimed that the fair and remunerative price for sugarcane has almost doubled from Rs 1,391.2 per tonne in 2010-11 to Rs 2,750 per tonne in 2018-19
  • Brazil has alleged that, India has drastically increased the domestic support in the recent years
  • Brazil is the largest exporter and producer of sugar in the world
  • In February, Brazil and other countries including Guatemala and Australia have dragged India into the WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism
  • The countries alleged that India’s sugar subsidies to farmers are inconsistent with global trade rules
  • The countries have filed the dispute under WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 and Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures


India has been recently called up by Brazil for a WTO dispute settlement mechanism in the concern of____?
a. Rice production and export
b. MSP given to maize farmers
c. Subsidies given to sugarcane farmers
d. Subsidies given to millet farmers
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